Ustekinumab Is Effective for the Treatment of Chronic Antibiotic-Refractory Pouchitis.

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Ustekinumab Is Effective for the Treatment of Chronic Antibiotic-Refractory Pouchitis.

Dig Dis Sci. 2019 Jun 11;:

Authors: Ollech JE, Rubin DT, Glick L, Weisshof R, El Jurdi K, Israel A, Krugliak Cleveland N, Hyman N, Sakuraba A, Pekow J, Cohen RD, Dalal SR

BACKGROUND: Chronic antibiotic-refractory pouchitis (CARP) occurs in up to 15% of patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) following proctocolectomy with ileal pouch-anal anastomosis (IPAA).
AIM: To investigate the effectiveness of ustekinumab in the treatment of CARP.
METHODS: This was a retrospective single-center study of UC patients with an IPAA, who subsequently developed CARP and received ustekinumab with standard Crohn’s disease (CD) dosing between 2016 and 2018. Patients with CD of the pouch were excluded. Demographic, clinical, and endoscopic data were collected. Outcomes included a change in the endoscopic subscore of the Pouchitis Disease Activity Index (PDAI), change in the ulcerated surface area, clinical response, and the number of bowel movements per 24 h.
RESULTS: Twenty-four patients with CARP were included for analysis. Median follow-up time was 12.9 months (IQR 7.9-16). Twelve patients (50%) had a clinical response with the median number of bowel movements within 24 h decreasing from 8 (IQR, 5-12) to 6 (IQR, 5-8) P = 0.002. Thirteen patients had pouchoscopies available post-ustekinumab treatment. In these patients, the median endoscopic subscore of the PDAI decreased from 5 (IQR, 3-6) to 4 (IQR, 2-5), P = 0.016. Likewise, among these thirteen patients, nine (69%) had an ulcerated surface area > 10% before ustekinumab treatment; after treatment with ustekinumab, only four patients (31%) still had an ulcerated surface area of > 10%.
CONCLUSIONS: This is the largest study of ustekinumab treatment for patients with chronic antibiotic-refractory pouchitis. We found that ustekinumab therapy led to the improvement in clinical and endoscopic endpoints.

PMID: 31187322 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]

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