The Unique Disease Course of Children with Very Early onset-Inflammatory Bowel Disease.

The Unique Disease Course of Children with Very Early onset-Inflammatory Bowel Disease.

Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2019 Sep 27;:

Authors: Kelsen JR, Conrad MA, Dawany N, Patel T, Shraim R, Merz A, Maurer K, Sullivan KE, Devoto M

BACKGROUND: Insight into the pathogenesis of very early onset-inflammatory bowel disease (VEO-IBD) has expanded through the identification of causative monogenic defects detected in a subset of patients. However, the clinical course of this population remains uncertain. The study objective is to determine whether VEO-IBD is associated with more severe disease, defined as increased surgical intervention and growth failure, than older pediatric IBD. Secondary outcomes included therapeutic response and hospitalizations.
METHODS: Subjects with IBD diagnosed younger than 6 years old (VEO-IBD) were compared with children diagnosed 6 to 10 (intermediate-onset) and older than 10 years of age (older-onset IBD). Metadata obtained from the medical record included age of onset, disease phenotype and location, surgeries, medical therapy, and comorbid conditions. Length of follow-up was at least 1 year from diagnosis.
RESULTS: There were 229, 221, and 521 subjects with VEO, intermediate-onset, and older-onset IBD, respectively. Very early onset-inflammatory bowel disease subjects underwent more diverting ileostomies (P < 0.001) and colectomies (P < 0.001) than the older children. There was less improvement in weight- and height-for-age Z scores during the follow-up period in subjects with VEO-IBD. Additionally, subjects with VEO-IBD had higher rates of medication failure at 1 year and were more frequently readmitted to the hospital. Targeted therapy was successfully used almost exclusively in VEO-IBD.
CONCLUSION: Patients with VEO-IBD can have a more severe disease course with increased surgical interventions and poor growth as compared with older-onset IBD patients. Further, VEO-IBD patients are more likely to be refractory to conventional therapies. Strategies using targeted therapy in these children can improve outcome and, in some cases, be curative.

PMID: 31560377 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]

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