The Influence of Preoperative Medications on Postoperative Complications in Patients After Intestinal Surgery for Crohn’s Disease.

The Influence of Preoperative Medications on Postoperative Complications in Patients After Intestinal Surgery for Crohn’s Disease.

Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2019 Feb 08;:

Authors: Yu CS, Jung SW, Lee JL, Lim SB, Park IJ, Yoon YS, Kim CW, Ynag SK, Ye BD, Park SH, Han M, Kim JC

Abstract
Background: Many patients with Crohn’s disease (CD) are treated with medications, including steroids, immunomodulators, and anti-tumor necrosis factor alpha (anti-TNF-α) agents, at the time of surgery. This study evaluated the effects of these medications on postoperative complications in CD patients.
Methods: This retrospective study analyzed patients who underwent bowel resection for CD between January 2006 and December 2015. Postoperative complications were defined as a Clavien-Dindo classification of grade 2A or higher within the first 30 days after surgery.
Results: Of the 817 patients enrolled, 687 patients received bowel resection and anastomosis without stoma formation. Of 687 patients, 381 (55.5%) were being treated with preoperative medications at the time of surgery (medication group) and 306 (44.5%) were not (nonmedication group). The overall rate of postoperative complications was not different between the medication and nonmedication groups (23.4% vs 21.9%, P = 0.36). Preoperative treatments with immunomodulators plus anti-TNF-α agents (relative risk [RR], 2.314; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.126-4.753; P = 0.022) and treatment with immunomodulators plus steroids (RR, 2.536; 95% CI, 1.124-5.725; P = 0.025) were risk factors for infectious complications. Preoperative treatments with immunomodulators plus anti-TNF-α agents (RR, 2.731; 95% CI, 1.102-6.769; P = 0.03) and treatment with immunomodulators plus steroids (RR, 3.118; 95% CI, 1.169-8.320; P = 0.023) were significantly associated with increased risk of intra-abdominal sepsis.
Conclusions: Preoperative treatments with immunomodulators plus anti-TNF-α agents or steroids were risk factors for infectious complications, especially intra-abdominal sepsis in patients who underwent bowel resection and anastomosis. 10.1093/ibd/izz010_video1izz010.video16000023591001.

PMID: 30753560 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]

PubMed Link: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30753560?dopt=Abstract