Systematic review with network meta-analysis: endoscopic techniques for dysplasia surveillance in inflammatory bowel disease.

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Systematic review with network meta-analysis: endoscopic techniques for dysplasia surveillance in inflammatory bowel disease.

Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2019 Sep 09;:

Authors: Iannone A, Ruospo M, Palmer SC, Principi M, Barone M, Di Leo A, Strippoli GFM

Abstract
BACKGROUND: International guidelines recommend dysplasia surveillance in IBD.
AIM: To compare endoscopic techniques for dysplasia surveillance METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, Embase, CENTRAL for randomised trials through May 2019. We estimated odds ratios (ORs) for binary and mean differences (MDs) for continuous outcomes, using frequentist random-effects network meta-analysis. We assessed study risk of bias and appraised evidence certainty using GRADE.
RESULTS: Eighteen trials (2638 participants) were included. Standard definition white-light endoscopy (OR 0.44, 95% CI 0.26-0.73; high certainty) and i-SCAN (OR 0.47, 95% CI 0.25-0.90; moderate certainty) had lower odds of detecting neoplasia than chromoendoscopy. Fujinon intelligent colour enhancement (FICE), standard definition white-light endoscopy and i-SCAN had lower odds for this outcome than full spectrum high definition white-light endoscopy (ORs 0.02 to 0.15; low certainty). Standard definition white-light endoscopy had lower odds of detecting nonpolypoid neoplasia than full spectrum high definition white-light endoscopy, narrow band imaging, chromoendoscopy and high definition white-light endoscopy (ORs 0.01-0.14; moderate certainty). Full spectrum high definition white-light endoscopy ranked as the best technique for both outcomes (moderate certainty). Standard definition white-light endoscopy had lower odds of detecting neoplasia by target biopsy (OR 0.27, 95% CI 0.08-0.91) and had shorter procedure time (MD -14.81 minutes, 95% CI -25.03, -4.06) than chromoendoscopy (moderate certainty).
CONCLUSIONS: Chromoendoscopy, high definition white-light endoscopy, narrow band imaging, autofluorescence, FICE and full spectrum high definition white-light endoscopy may be comparable for dysplasia surveillance. Standard definition white-light endoscopy and i-SCAN probably provide lower yields for neoplasia identification. Full spectrum high definition white-light endoscopy may represent the first-line approach.

PMID: 31502284 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]

PubMed Link: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31502284?dopt=Abstract