Probiotics in Pediatric Gastroenterology: Emerging Indications: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases.
J Clin Gastroenterol. 2018 Jul 20;:
Authors: Scarpato E, Russo M, Staiano A
Etiology of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is not yet completely understood, but it is hypothesized that a disruption of the immune tolerance to gut microbiota, due to several potential factors like an abnormal gut microbiota composition and activity, may lead to IBD occurrence. Manipulation of the intestinal microbiota is an attractive target for the management of IBD, and probiotics could be useful to influence the disease’s course. However, the existing literature on the usefulness of probiotics in IBD is relatively limited. At present, there is no evidence of efficacy for any bacterial strain in the induction or maintenance of remission in pediatric Crohn’s disease, while there is limited evidence for the use of VSL#3 and Lactobacillus reuteri ATCC 55730, in addition to standard therapy, for the induction of remission in pediatric ulcerative colitis. Moreover, current data assessing the therapeutic efficacy of probiotics in IBD do not fulfill evidence-based standards, with long-term maintenance studies and larger prospective randomized controlled trials still lacking.
PMID: 30036240 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]