Post-operative morbidity and mortality of a cohort of steroid refractory acute severe ulcerative colitis: Nationwide multicenter study of the GETECCU ENEIDA Registry.
Am J Gastroenterol. 2018 May 01;:
Authors: Ordás I, Domènech E, Mañosa M, García-Sánchez V, Iglesias-Flores E, Rodríguez-Moranta F, Márquez L, Merino O, Fernández-Bañares F, Gomollón F, Vera M, Gutiérrez A, LLaó J, Gisbert JP, Aguas M, Arias L, Rodríguez-Lago I, Muñoz C, Alcaide N, Calvet X, Rodríguez C, Montoro MA, García S, De Castro ML, Piqueras M, Pareja L, Ribes J, Panés J, Esteve M, ENEIDA registry of GETECCU
BACKGROUND: Despite the increased use of rescue medical therapies for steroid refractory acute severe ulcerative colitis, mortality related to this entity still remains high. We aimed to assess the mortality and morbidity related to colectomy and their predictive factors in steroid refractory acute severe ulcerative colitis, and to evaluate the changes in mortality rates, complications, indications of colectomy, and the use of rescue therapy over time.
METHODS: We performed a multicenter observational study of patients with steroid refractory acute severe ulcerative colitis requiring colectomy, admitted to 23 Spanish hospitals included in the ENEIDA registry (GETECCU) from 1989 to 2014. Independent predictive factors of mortality were assessed by binary logistic regression analysis. Mortality along the study was calculated using the age-standardized rate.
RESULTS: During the study period, 429 patients underwent colectomy, presenting an overall mortality rate of 6.3% (range, 0-30%). The main causes of death were infections and post-operative complications. Independent predictive factors of mortality were: age ≥50 years (OR 23.34; 95% CI: 6.46-84.311; p < 0.0001), undergoing surgery in a secondary care hospital (OR 3.07; 95% CI: 1.01-9.35; p = 0.047), and in an emergency setting (OR 10.47; 95% CI: 1.26-86.55; p = 0.029). Neither the use of rescue medical treatment nor the type of surgical technique used (laparoscopy vs. open laparotomy) influenced mortality. The proportion of patients undergoing surgery in an emergency setting decreased over time (p < 0.0001), whereas the use of rescue medical therapy prior to colectomy progressively increased (p > 0.001).
CONCLUSIONS: The mortality rate related to colectomy in steroid refractory acute severe ulcerative colitis varies greatly among hospitals, reinforcing the need for a continuous audit to achieve quality standards. The increasing use of rescue therapy is not associated with a worse outcome and may contribute to reducing emergency surgical interventions and improve outcomes.
PMID: 29713028 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]