Pedictors of Perianal Fistula Relapse in Crohn’s Disease.

Pedictors of Perianal Fistula Relapse in Crohn’s Disease.

Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2019 Aug 30;:

Authors: Malian A, Rivière P, Bouchard D, Pigot F, Eléouet-Kaplan M, Favreau-Weltzer C, Poullenot F, Laharie D

BACKGROUND: Despite an optimal medico-surgical management of perineal Crohn’s disease (PCD), fistula relapse still occurs in 30% of patients. Our aim was to determine predictors of fistula relapse in patients in remission after treatment of a PCD lesion.
METHODS: Consecutive patients treated for fistulizing PCD have been included in a retrospective study when they achieved fistula remission within 3 months after the surgery. Remission was defined as the absence of any draining fistula at clinical examination. Primary outcome was the occurrence of a fistula relapse, defined as a subsequent perianal draining fistula or an abscess confirmed clinically and/or by pelvic MRI.
RESULTS: One hundred and thirty-seven patients (57% female, median age: 35 years) corresponding to 157 abscess events, including 120 (76.4%) treated by anti-TNF after drainage, achieved fistula remission after surgery. During the follow-up period (median duration: 43 months [interquartile range 26 to 64]), 34 (22%) patients experienced a fistula relapse within a median time of 1.8 years. Survival without fistula was 96.7% at 1 year, 78.4% at 3 years, and 74.4% at 5 years. Fistula relapse rates were not different in patients receiving infliximab or adalimumab (P = 0.66). In patients treated by anti-TNF at inclusion, discontinuation of anti-TNF therapy (odds ratio 3.49, P = 0.04), colonic location (OR 6.25, P = 0.01), and stricturing phenotype (odds ratio 4.39, P = 0.01) were independently associated with fistula relapse in multivariate analysis.
CONCLUSION: In patients achieving fistula remission of PCD, relapse rates are low and are not different between infliximab and adalimumab. Discontinuation of anti-TNF therapy is associated with increased relapse rate.

PMID: 31504542 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]

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