Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease in patients with inflammatory bowel disease: Beyond the natural history.

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Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease in patients with inflammatory bowel disease: Beyond the natural history.

World J Gastroenterol. 2019 Oct 07;25(37):5676-5686

Authors: Magrì S, Paduano D, Chicco F, Cingolani A, Farris C, Delogu G, Tumbarello F, Lai M, Melis A, Casula L, Fantini MC, Usai P

BACKGROUND: Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a frequently reported condition in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Both intestinal inflammation and metabolic factors are believed to contribute to the pathogenesis of IBD-associated NAFLD.
AIM: To evaluate the prevalence of steatosis and liver fibrosis (LF) in a cohort of IBD patients and the identification of metabolic- and IBD-related risk factors for NAFLD and LF.
METHODS: IBD patients were consecutively enrolled from December 2016 to January 2018. Demographic, anthropometric and biochemical data were collected so as eating habits. Abdominal ultrasound and transient elastography were performed to evaluate the presence of NAFLD and LF respectively.
RESULTS: A total of 178 consecutive patients were enrolled and included in the analysis (95 Ulcerative colitis, 83 Crohn’s disease). NAFLD was detected by imaging in 72 (40.4%) patients. Comparison between patients with and without NAFLD showed no significant differences in terms of IBD severity, disease duration, location/extension, use of IBD-related medications (i.e., steroids, anti-TNFs, and immunomodulators) and surgery. NAFLD was significantly associated with the presence of metabolic syndrome [MetS; odds ratio (OR): 4.13, P = 0.001] and obesity defined by body mass index (OR: 9.21, P = 0.0002). IBD patients with NAFLD showed higher caloric intake and lipid consumption than those without NAFLD, regardless disease activity. At the multivariate analysis, male sex, advanced age and high lipid consumption were independent risk factors for the development of NAFLD. An increased liver stiffness was detected in 21 patients (16%) and the presence of MetS was the only relevant factor associated to LF (OR: 3.40, P = 0.01).
CONCLUSION: In this study, we demonstrate that risk factors for NAFLD and LF in the IBD population do not differ from those in the general population.

PMID: 31602167 [PubMed – in process]

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