Nationwide Validation Study of Diagnostic Algorithms for Inflammatory Bowel Disease in Korean National Health Insurance Service Database.
J Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2019 Sep 09;:
Authors: Lee CK, Ha HJ, Oh SJ, Kim JW, Lee JK, Kim HS, Yoon SM, Kang SB, Kim ES, Kim TO, Na SY, Lee J, Kim SW, Koo HS, Park BK, Lee HH, Kim ES, Park JJ, Kwak MS, Cha JM, Ye BD, Choi CH, Kim HJ
BACKGROUND/AIMS: We conducted a nationwide validation study of diagnostic algorithms to identify cases of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) within the Korea National Health Insurance System (NHIS) database.
METHOD: Using the NHIS dataset, we developed 44 algorithms combining the Internal Classification of Diseases (ICD)-10 codes, codes for Rare and Intractable Diseases (RID) registration and claims data for healthcare encounters, and pharmaceutical prescriptions for IBD-specific drugs. For each algorithm, we compared the case identification results from electronic medical records data with the gold standard (chart-based diagnosis). A multiple sampling test verified the validation results from the entire study population.
RESULTS: A random nationwide sample of 1,697 patients (848 potential cases, 849 negative control cases) from 17 hospitals were included for validation. A combination of the ICD-10 code, ≥1 claims for healthcare encounters, and ≥1 prescription claims (reference algorithm) achieved excellent performance (sensitivity, 93.1% [95% confidence interval 91-94.7]; specificity, 98.1% [96.9-98.8]; positive predictive value, 97.5% [96.1-98.5]; negative predictive value, 94.5% [92.8-95.8]) with the lowest error rate (4.2% [3.3-5.3]). The multiple sampling test confirmed that the reference algorithm achieves the best performance regarding IBD diagnosis. Algorithms including the RID registration codes exhibited poorer performance compared with that of the reference algorithm, particularly for the diagnosis of patients affiliated with secondary hospitals. The performance of the reference algorithm showed no statistical difference depending on the hospital volume or IBD type, with p-value < 0.05.
CONCLUSIONS: We strongly recommend the reference algorithm as a uniform standard operational definition for future studies using the NHIS database.
PMID: 31498502 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]