Mucosal IL13RA2 expression predicts nonresponse to anti-TNF therapy in Crohn’s disease.

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Mucosal IL13RA2 expression predicts nonresponse to anti-TNF therapy in Crohn’s disease.

Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2019 Jan 20;:

Authors: Verstockt B, Verstockt S, Creyns B, Tops S, Van Assche G, Gils A, Ceuppens JL, Vermeire S, Ferrante M, Breynaert C

BACKGROUND: Ileocolonic expression of IL13RA2 has been identified as a predictive marker for nonresponsiveness to infliximab (IFX) in patients with Crohn’s disease (CD).
AIM: To validate the IL13RA2 biomarker, study its anti-TNF specificity and get a better understanding of the underlying biology driving its expression.
METHODS: IL13RA2 mucosal expression was studied in a cohort of adalimumab and vedolizumab treated patients. To identify the upstream regulators of anti-TNF nonresponsiveness, weighted gene co-expression network analysis was applied on publicly available microarray data of IFX-treated patients. Selected serum proteins, including TNF, were measured prior to first IFX exposure and compared between healers and nonhealers.
RESULTS: Increased mucosal IL13RA2 expression prior to start of biological therapy was predictive for anti-TNF nonresponsiveness specifically (AUROC, area under the curve = 0.90, P < 0.001 in anti-TNF vs AUROC = 0.63, P = 0.30 in vedolizumab treated patients). In baseline biopsies, TNF-driven pathways were significantly enriched in future anti-TNF nonhealers (P = 5.0 × 10-34 ). We found an increased baseline mucosal TNF burden in nonhealers (P = 0.02), and TNF mRNA correlated significantly with IL13RA2 expression (ρ = 0.55, P = 0.02). Baseline serum TNF levels were significantly lower in nonhealers (P = 0.04), and correlated inversely with IFX serum induction levels (r = -0.45, P = 0.002 at week 6).
CONCLUSIONS: Increased mucosal IL13RA2 expression is associated with an increased mucosal TNF burden in CD patients. In view of its specificity for prediction of anti-TNF therapy resistance, mucosal IL13RA2 expression is a potential biomarker for therapy selection and/or for the need of increased anti-TNF drug dosing.

PMID: 30663072 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]

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