Mortality Risk of Inflammatory Bowel Disease: A Case-Control Study of New York State Death Records.
Dig Dis Sci. 2019 Jan 02;:
Authors: Nocerino A, Feathers A, Ivanina E, Durbin L, Swaminath A
BACKGROUND: Studies examining the mortality risk of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) have yielded conflicting results, and most do not account for recent advancements made in the treatment of Crohn’s disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC). We aim to assess the overall, premature, and cause-specific mortality in IBD patients over a 17-year time period and to evaluate any differences since the introduction of biologic therapy.
METHODS: A death record case-control study was performed to explore the odds of premature death (before age 65) and all-cause mortality among those with IBD. Cases consisted of IBD patients (1,129 with CD and 841 with UC) who died in New York State (NYS) from 1993 to 2010. Controls (n = 7880) were matched 4:1 on the basis of sex and zip code from those who died in NYS in the same time frame, without an IBD diagnosis.
RESULTS: Compared with matched controls, those with CD (OR 1.56, CI 95% 1.34-1.82), but not UC (OR 0.72, CI 95% 0.59-0.89), were more likely to die prematurely. Both those with UC and CD were more likely to die from a gastrointestinal cause (CD OR 15.28, 95% CI 12.11-19.27; UC OR 14.02, 95% CI 10.76-18.26). There was no difference in the cause or age of death before and after the introduction of anti-TNF agents in those with IBD.
CONCLUSIONS: Both CD and UC cases were more likely to die of a gastrointestinal etiology, and CD patients were more likely to die prematurely. There was no significant difference in the premature death, average age of death, and cause of death in this IBD population after the availability of anti-TNF therapy.
PMID: 30604370 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]