Matrix Metalloproteinase 3 Predicts Therapeutic Response in Inflammatory Bowel Disease Patients Treated With Infliximab.
Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2019 Aug 29;:
Authors: Barberio B, D’Incà R, Facchin S, Dalla Gasperina M, Fohom Tagne CA, Cardin R, Ghisa M, Lorenzon G, Marinelli C, Savarino EV, Zingone F
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs) are treated with anti-TNF agents. Strategies to monitor response to therapy may improve clinical control of the disease and reduce economical costs. Previous evidence suggests cleavage of infliximab (IFX) by Matrix Metalloproteinase 3 (MMP3) as a mechanism leading to loss of response. Our study aimed to evaluate if MMP3 serum levels could be considered an early marker of anti-TNF nonresponse and to analyze the correlation with other biochemical markers of treatment failure such as IFX trough levels and anti-IFX antibodies, inflammatory markers, and albumin levels.
METHODS: Retrospectively, 73 IBD patients who had received IFX for at least 1 year were enrolled: 35 patients were responders and 38 were nonresponders at 52 weeks. Clinical and biochemical data (Harvey-Bradshaw index [HBI], Mayo score, body mass index [BMI], C-reactive protein [CRP], fecal calprotectin and albumin levels), MMP3 serum levels, and drug monitoring were assessed at baseline, postinduction, and 52 weeks.
RESULTS: The MMP3 levels were similar at baseline (19.83 vs 17.92 ng/mL), but at postinduction, patients who failed to respond at 1 year had significantly higher levels than patients who responded (26.09 vs 8.68 ng/mL, P < 0.001); the difference was confirmed at week 52 (29.56 vs 11.48 ng/mL, P < 0.001). The MMP3 levels tended to be higher in patients without antidrug antibodies than in patients with antidrug antibodies at postinduction and 52 weeks.
CONCLUSIONS: The MMP3 serum determination may represent an early marker of response to infliximab.
PMID: 31504536 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]