Market Access Analysis of Biologics and Small-Molecule Inhibitors for Inflammatory Bowel Disease Among US Health Insurance Policies.
Dig Dis Sci. 2019 Mar 28;:
Authors: Dulai PS, Osterman MT, Lasch K, Cao C, Riaz F, Sandborn WJ
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Treatment pathways for ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn’s disease (CD) are shifting to a more individualized, risk-stratified approach. The perception is that insurance policies may not have implemented this paradigm shift, particularly regarding access to newer agents. We evaluated patient access to advanced therapies by analyzing policy information from the Managed Markets Insight and Technology database.
METHODS: Coverage status as of December 2018 for all US lives was queried for adalimumab, infliximab, infliximab-dyyb, tofacitinib, ustekinumab, and vedolizumab by indication (UC and/or CD) and medical or pharmacy coverage benefit. Coverage status was classified by the number of biologic steps before access to specified drug as “No Biologic,” “1 Prior Biologic,” “2+ Prior Biologics,” “Not Covered.” Unknown lives were excluded from the analyses.
RESULTS: Coverage analysis was available for approximately 302 million lives under each medical and pharmacy benefit. Our analysis indicates that approximately half of covered lives had access to all agents (except tofacitinib) as first-line therapy; two-thirds had access after one biologic exposure. Among newer agents, vedolizumab had the widest coverage. For indications of UC and CD, 81% of known lives had access to vedolizumab with no prior biologic exposure required (“No Biologic”), 95% after “No Biologic” + ”1 prior Biologic.” Geographic variations were identified for coverage patterns.
CONCLUSIONS: This US-based healthcare policy analysis points to an increased access to advanced therapies for UC and CD. An individualized, risk-stratified treatment approach integrating advanced therapies, including those recently approved, into treatment pathways for UC and CD is feasible.
PMID: 30923985 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]