Long-term outcomes of thalidomide in pediatric Crohn’s disease.
J Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2019 Nov 23;:
Authors: Wang L, Xue A, Zheng C, Zhou Y, Wang Y, Huang Y
BACKGROUND AND AIM: In this largest pediatric cohort to date in Asian population, we aimed to report our long-term real-life experience with thalidomide treatment in pediatric Crohn’s disease (CD).
METHODS: A retrospective single-center analysis of pediatric CD patients treated by thalidomide was conducted. The clinical characteristics and outcomes were extracted. Primary outcomes were clinical response and remission rate at different time points, especially comparing the difference between monogenic and non-monogenic mutation patients. We also evaluated the long-term safety of thalidomide.
RESULTS: A total of 62 patients met the inclusion criteria. The median follow-up period was 30.5 months. Among all, 19 patients (30.6%) were diagnosed with monogenic mutation during treatment. Clinical remission rate was 53.2% (33/62) at 6 months, 54.8% (34/62) at 12 months and 33.9% (21/62) at the end of follow-up, respectively. Clinical remission rates between monogenic and non-monogenic groups at the end were statistically different (44.2%(19/43) vs. 10.5%(2/19), P < 0.05). At 12 months, 66.7% (30/45) were with normalized C-reactive protein level. Most patients (95.4%, 21/22) discontinued steroids with a median time of 4.4 months. Twelve patients relapsed, but no risk factor was identified to be significantly associated with relapse. A total of 45.2% (28/62) patients experienced an adverse event, in which 22 patients stopped thalidomide due to safety concern. Cumulative dose was not associated with abnormal electromyography, but with the occurrence of adverse events.
CONCLUSIONS: Thalidomide was clinically efficacious and safe among pediatric CD. Our results suggest it is an alternative therapy in monogenic mutation patients.
PMID: 31758718 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]