Intestinal CD103+CD4+ and CD103+CD8+ T-Cell Subsets in the Gut of Inflammatory Bowel Disease Patients at Diagnosis and During Follow-up.
Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2019 Mar 27;:
Authors: Roosenboom B, Wahab PJ, Smids C, Groenen MJM, van Koolwijk E, van Lochem EG, Horjus Talabur Horje CS
BACKGROUND: The integrin CD103 is proposed to be a potential therapeutical target in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), as it can form a heterodimeric integrin with β7 (Etrolizumab, anti-β7 integrin) on epithelial T cells. Therefore, we aimed to study the frequencies of different intestinal CD103+T-cell subsets, both CD4+ and CD8+, in newly diagnosed, untreated IBD patients at baseline and during follow-up, compared with healthy controls.
METHODS: Intestinal biopsies from inflamed segments during colonoscopy and peripheral blood samples were prospectively taken from IBD patients at diagnosis and during follow-up. Blood and single cell suspensions from biopsies were analyzed for CD103+ T-cell subpopulations by flow cytometry and expressed as median percentages of the total T-cell population.
RESULTS: In total, 75 Crohn’s disease (CD) patients, 49 ulcerative colitis (UC) patients, and 16 healthy controls were included. At presentation, IBD patients displayed lower percentages of CD103+T-cell subsets in inflamed biopsies: 3% (1 to 5) CD103+CD4+ in IBD vs 5% (5 to 7) in healthy controls (P = 0.007) and 9% (4 to 15) CD103+CD8+ compared with 42% (23 to 57) in healthy controls (P = 0.001). The majority of intestinal T cells was composed of CD103-CD4+ T cells (65% [52 to 74]) in IBD compared with 30% (21 to 50) in healthy controls (P = 0.001). In patients with endoscopic remission during follow-up (n = 27), frequencies of CD103+ and CD103-T-cell subsets were comparable with healthy controls.
CONCLUSION: At diagnosis, active inflammation in IBD was associated with decreased percentages of both CD103+CD4+ and CD103+CD8+T-cell subsets in colon and ileum biopsies. In active disease during follow-up, these T-cell populations remained low but increased in remission to values comparable with healthy controls. A shift toward more CD103-T cells was observed during active inflammation.
PMID: 30918941 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]