Genetic Variations at rs3129891 and rs77005575 are Associated With Reduced Expression of Enteric α-defensins in IBD Patients.

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Genetic Variations at rs3129891 and rs77005575 are Associated With Reduced Expression of Enteric α-defensins in IBD Patients.

J Clin Gastroenterol. 2019 Aug 09;:

Authors: Deng Q, Tan G, Deng F, Zhi F

Abstract
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Human enteric antimicrobial peptides composed predominantly of human enteric α-defensins (HD5 and HD6) are important in the mucosal antimicrobial barrier. Previous studies have identified that genetic variations at rs2066844, rs2066845, rs2066847 are associated with diminished enteric α-defensins in ileal Crohn’s disease (CD). However, genetic variations associated with enteric antimicrobial peptides in colonic inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) remain unclear. To investigate it, we compared the colonic expression of antimicrobial peptides with respect to genotypes at 22 IBD-associated single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs).
MATERIALS AND METHODS: In total, 16 controls and 102 colonic IBD patients including 42 ulcerative colitis (UC) and 60 CD were studies. Mutation assay was performed to determine their genotypes at 22 IBD-associated SNPs. Real-time PCR was performed to determine the colonic mRNA expression of HD5, HD6, lysozyme, and secretory phospholipase A2.
RESULTS: Mutant genotypes at rs2066844, rs2066845, rs2066847 were not found, and only SNPs rs3129891 and rs77005575 were associated with enteric α-defensin expression in colonic IBD. In both inflamed and noninflamed tissues, colonic expression of HD5 and HD6 was significantly decreased in UC and CD patients carrying rs3129891 homozygous mutant genotype. And their colonic expression was significantly decreased in inflamed but not noninflamed tissues from UC patients carrying rs77005575 homozygous mutant genotype. However, both lysozyme and secretory phospholipase A2 in UC and CD were unaffected by rs3129891 and rs77005575 genotypes.
CONCLUSIONS: As enteric α-defensins play critical roles in the mucosal antimicrobial barrier, their reduced expression may partly explain the microbial-induced mucosal inflammation in colonic IBD patients, especially in patients carrying rs3129891 and rs77005575 mutant genotypes.

PMID: 31403980 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]

PubMed Link: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31403980?dopt=Abstract