Frequency, types, and treatment of anemia in Turkish patients with inflammatory bowel disease.

Frequency, types, and treatment of anemia in Turkish patients with inflammatory bowel disease.

World J Gastroenterol. 2018 Sep 28;24(36):4186-4196

Authors: Bengi G, Keyvan H, Durmaz SB, Akpınar H

AIM: To specify the type and prevalence of anemia along with a treatment approach for inflammatory bowel disease (IBD).
METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study on 465 patients who were diagnosed with IBD and followed up at our hospital from June 2015 to June 2016 [male: 254, female: 211; average age: 47 ± 14.4; Crohn’s disease (CD): 257, Ulcerative Colitis (UC): 208]. Epidemiological and clinical data, such as sex, age, age of diagnosis, type of IBD, disease extension, disease behavior and duration, treatments for IBD and anemia, and surgical history were obtained for each patient. Per World Health Organization guidelines, anemia was diagnosed for males if hemoglobin values were less than 13 g/dL and for females if hemoglobin values were less than 12 g/dL.
RESULTS: We determined that 51.6% of the patients had anemia, which was more frequent in women then men (64% vs 41.3%, P < 0.001). Anemia frequency was higher in CD cases (57.6%) than in UC cases (44.2%) (P = 0.004). CD involvements were as follows: 48.2% in ileal involvement, 19% in colonic involvement, and 32.8% in ileocolonic involvement. Furthermore, 27.5% of UC patients had proctitis (E1) involvement, 41% of them had involvement in left colitis (E2), and 31.5% had pancolitis involvement. There was no significant relationship between anemia frequency and duration of disease (P = 0.55). Iron deficiency anemia (IDA) was the most common type of anemia in this cohort. Moreover, because anemia parameters have not been evaluated during follow-up of 15.3% of patients, the etiology of anemia has not been clarified. Fifty percent of patients with anemia received treatment. Twenty-three percent of IDA patients had oral iron intake and forty-one percent of IDA patients had parenteral iron treatment. Fifty-three percent of patients who were suffering from megaloblastic anemia received B12/folic acid treatment.
CONCLUSION: We found out that almost half of all IBD patients (51.6%) had anemia, the most frequent of which was IDA. Almost half of these patients received treatment. We should increase the treatment rate in our IBD patients that have anemia.

PMID: 30271083 [PubMed – in process]

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