Endoscopic balloon dilation of Crohn’s disease strictures-safety, efficacy and clinical impact.

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Endoscopic balloon dilation of Crohn’s disease strictures-safety, efficacy and clinical impact.

World J Gastroenterol. 2017 Nov 07;23(41):7397-7406

Authors: Lopes S, Rodrigues-Pinto E, Andrade P, Afonso J, Baron TH, Magro F, Macedo G

Abstract
AIM: To evaluate the incidence of anastomotic strictures after intestinal resection in Crohn’s disease (CD), demonstrate long-term efficacy and safety of endoscopic balloon dilation (EBD) in CD strictures and its impact on the diagnosis of subclinical postoperative endoscopic recurrence.
METHODS: Retrospective single tertiary center study based on prospectively collected data between 2010 and 2015 including anastomotic and non-anastomotic strictures.
RESULTS: 29% of 162 CD patients included developed an anastomotic stricture. 43 patients with anastomotic strictures and 37 with non-anastomotic strictures underwent EBD; technical success was 97.7% and 100%, respectively, however, 63% and 41% needed repeat dilation during the 4.4-year follow-up. Longer periods between surgery and index colonoscopy and higher lactoferrin levels were associated with the presence of stricture after surgery. Calprotectin levels > 83.35 μg/g and current or past history of smoking were associated with a shorter time until need for dilation (HR = 3.877, 95%CI: 1.480-10.152 and HR = 3.041, 95%CI: 1.213-7.627). Anastomotic strictures had a greater need for repeat dilation (63% vs 41%, P = 0.047). No differences were found between asymptomatic and symptomatic cohorts. Disease recurrence diagnosis was only possible after EBD in a third of patients.
CONCLUSION: EBD is an effective and safe alternative to surgery, with a good short and long-term outcome, postponing or even avoiding further surgery. EBD may allow to diagnose disease recurrence in patients with no clinical signs/biomarkers of disease activity.

PMID: 29151693 [PubMed – in process]

PubMed Link: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29151693?dopt=Abstract