Efficacy and safety of golimumab 52-week maintenance therapy in Japanese patients with moderate to severely active ulcerative colitis: a phase 3, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled study-(PURSUIT-J study).
J Gastroenterol. 2017 Mar 21;:
Authors: Hibi T, Imai Y, Senoo A, Ohta K, Ukyo Y
BACKGROUND: The global phase 3 studies of golimumab [PURSUIT-SC and PURSUIT-maintenance (M)], an anti-tumor necrosis factor-α (anti-TNFα) antibody, have demonstrated clinical efficacy and safety as induction and maintenance therapies in patients with moderate to severely active ulcerative colitis (UC). This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of golimumab as maintenance therapy in the Japanese population.
METHODS: In this phase 3, double-blind (DB), placebo-controlled, parallel group, randomized withdrawal study, 144 Japanese patients with moderately to severely active UC received golimumab doses of 200 mg (at week 0) and 100 mg (at week 2) subcutaneously during the 6-week open-label induction phase. Patients who responded to golimumab induction therapy entered the DB maintenance (M) phase and were randomized (1:1) to receive 100 mg of golimumab subcutaneous injection (SC) or placebo every 4 weeks for 52 weeks. The primary endpoint was clinical response through M-week 54; secondary endpoints included clinical remission and mucosal healing at M-week 30 and 54.
RESULTS: Among induction responders, more patients on golimumab treatment (56.3%) maintained clinical response through M-week 54 versus the placebo group (19.4%). At both M-week 30 and 54, 50% golimumab-treated patients achieved clinical remission versus the placebo group (6.5%) and a higher proportion of patients on golimumab (59.4%) experienced mucosal healing than the placebo group (16.1%). Incidence of treatment-emergent adverse events was 96.9% in the golimumab group and 71% in the placebo group. Overall, the efficacy and safety results in this study were comparable with those observed in global studies.
CONCLUSIONS: Golimumab SC treatment maintained clinical efficacy through week 54 among induction responders, and no new safety signals were observed in the patients with moderate to severely active UC.
CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: The study is registered at ClinicalTrials.gov NCT01863771.
PMID: 28324167 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]