Early Postoperative Anti-TNF Therapy Does Not Increase Complications Following Abdominal Surgery in Crohn’s Disease.
Dig Dis Sci. 2019 Jan 25;:
Authors: Schad CA, Haac BE, Cross RK, Syed A, Lonsako S, Bafford AC
BACKGROUND: The impact of postoperative anti-TNF therapy on infectious complications following Crohn’s disease surgery remains controversial. Use of anti-TNF therapy 2-4 weeks postoperatively appears safe, but safety of use within 2 weeks is unknown.
AIMS: We sought to evaluate the effect of anti-TNF therapy initiated within 2 weeks of abdominal surgery in patients with Crohn’s disease.
METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of adult Crohn’s disease patients undergoing abdominal surgery between 2004 and 2011. Infectious and non-infectious complications were compared between patients exposed to anti-TNF therapy within 2 weeks or between 2 and 4 weeks postoperatively and to those without exposure using chi-squared and regression analysis.
RESULTS: Three hundred thirty-one abdominal surgeries were included; 241 were without anti-TNF exposure, 46 received postoperative anti-TNF within 2 weeks of surgery, and 44 received anti-TNF therapy 2-4 weeks after surgery. Patients who received anti-TNF therapy within 2 weeks of surgery, those initiated between 2 and 4 weeks of surgery, and those who did not receive anti-TNF therapy within 4 weeks of surgery had no significant difference in rates of infectious complications (22%, 32%, 33%, p = 0.332). Rates of non-infectious complications (4%, 9%, 14%, p = 0.143), mortality (0%, 0%, 3%, p = 0.105), hospital readmission (17%, 16%, 15%, p = 0.940), and reoperation (11%, 11%, 16%, p = 0.563) were also similar between groups.
CONCLUSIONS: Use of early anti-TNF therapy within 2 weeks or between 2 and 4 weeks following abdominal surgery did not increase risk of postoperative surgical infections in Crohn’s patients.
PMID: 30684075 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]