Creeping Fat Assessed by Small Bowel MRI Is Linked to Bowel Damage and Abdominal Surgery in Crohn’s Disease.

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Creeping Fat Assessed by Small Bowel MRI Is Linked to Bowel Damage and Abdominal Surgery in Crohn’s Disease.

Dig Dis Sci. 2018 Oct 01;:

Authors: Althoff P, Schmiegel W, Lang G, Nicolas V, Brechmann T

Abstract
BACKGROUND: Crohn’s disease (CD) leads to bowel damage and surgery in a significant proportion of patients.
AIMS: The aim of the study was to evaluate the predictive value of creeping fat assessed by small bowel MRI in CD patients.
METHODS: CD patients undergoing small bowel MRI were included in a retrospective observational cohort study. Clinical findings were extracted and correlated with radiological outcome measures. Logistic regression analysis was performed to assess predictors associated with a complicated course and surgery within 2 years and long-term follow-up.
RESULTS: Ninety patients (49% female, median follow-up 93 months) were included. Creeping fat was identified in 21.1%. Of these patients, 68% and 79% developed bowel damage (p < .05) and 42% and 63% of patients revealing creeping fat underwent surgery within 2 years following MRI and total follow-up, respectively. The presence of creeping fat [odds ratio (OR) 4.0], inflammatory stenosis (OR 3.7), multisegmental (small) bowel (OR 4.5 and 3.8), and proximal small bowel inflammation (OR 5.0) were associated with inferior outcome (p < .05) in a univariate analysis. Creeping fat was independently associated with a disabling course, bowel damage, and surgery (OR 3.5 each, p < .05) in a multivariate analysis model.
CONCLUSION: Creeping fat identified by small bowel MRI is associated with a complicated course and abdominal surgery in CD. Our data adds evidence that small bowel MRI facilitates risk stratification in order to define a patient at risk of disease-related complications in CD. [DRKS00011727, www.germanctr.de/ ].

PMID: 30276568 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]

PubMed Link: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30276568?dopt=Abstract