Complete Endoscopic Healing Associated With Better Outcomes Than Partial Endoscopic Healing in Patients With Crohn’s Disease.

Complete Endoscopic Healing Associated With Better Outcomes Than Partial Endoscopic Healing in Patients With Crohn’s Disease.

Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2019 Nov 16;:

Authors: Yzet C, Diouf M, Le Mouel JP, Brazier F, Turpin J, Loreau J, Dupas JL, Peyrin-Biroulet L, Fumery M

Abstract
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Mucosal healing (MH) has been associated with a good outcomes of patients with Crohn’s disease (CD). It is not clear what levels of endoscopic healing, based on CD endoscopic index score (CDEIS), associate with different courses of disease progression. We assessed long-term outcomes of patients with CD according to different levels of MH.
METHODS: We performed a retrospective study of 84 patients with CD and MH who received biologic therapy (80% with infliximab) from 2008 through 2015 at 2 university hospitals in France and compared outcomes of patients with CD endoscopic index scores (CDEISs) of 0 vs CDEISs greater than 0 but less than 4. Patients were followed until treatment failure or through June 2016. The primary outcome measure was treatment failure, defined by the need for biologic optimization, initiation of corticosteroids, or a Harvey-Bradshaw score above 4 associated with change in treatment, CD-related hospitalization, and/or intestinal resection.
RESULTS: After a median follow-up time of 4.8 years (interquartile range, 2.1-7.2), 27 patients (32%) had treatment failure and 3 patients (3.6%) underwent an intestinal resection. Rates of treatment failure were 25% in patients with patients with a CDEIS of 0 and 48% in patients with CDEISs greater than 0 but less than 4 (P=.045). Median times to treatment failure were 21 months (interquartile range, 5-43 months) in patients with a CDEIS of 0 and 13 months (interquartile range, 3.6-35 months) in patients with CDEISs greater than 0 but less than 4 (P=.047). None of the patients with a CEDIS of 0 underwent intestinal resection whereas 11%, patients with CDEISs greater than 0 but less than 4 required intestinal resection (P=.031). Patients with a CDEIS of 0 also had a significant lower rate of CD-related hospitalizations than patients with CDEISs greater than 0 but less than 4 (3.5% vs 18%; P=.013). In multivariate analysis, CDEISs greater than 0 but less than 4 (vs CDEIS = 0) was the only factor associated with treatment failure (hazard ratio, 2.6; 95% CI, 1.2-5.8; P=.02).
CONCLUSIONS: Complete endoscopic healing (CDEIS = 0) is associated with better long-term outcomes than partial endoscopic healing (CDEIS=1-4) in patients with CD, as well as fewer surgeries and hospitalizations and an overall decreased risk of treatment failure.

PMID: 31743755 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]

PubMed Link: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31743755?dopt=Abstract