Bowel wall healing assessed using magnetic resonance imaging predicts sustained clinical remission and decreased risk of surgery in Crohn’s disease.
J Gastroenterol. 2018 Aug 30;:
Authors: Buisson A, Hordonneau C, Goutorbe F, Allimant C, Goutte M, Reymond M, Pereira B, Bommelaer G
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic mucosal healing is considered as the best therapeutic target in Crohn’s disease (CD) as it is associated with better long-term outcomes. We investigated whether bowel wall healing (BWH) assessed using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) could predict favorable outcomes and could be a potential therapeutic target.
METHODS: We performed a post hoc analysis from two prospective studies (n = 174 patients). All the patients with previous objective signs of bowel inflammation and assessed by MRI for therapeutic efficacy had a standardized and blinded evaluation, and underwent MRI. Complete BWH was defined as no segmental MaRIA > 7 or no segmental Clermont score > 8.4 and BWH as no segmental MaRIA > 11 or no segmental Clermont score > 12.5. Clinical corticosteroid-free remission (CFREM) was defined as no reappearance or worsening of clinical manifestation leading to therapeutic modification, hospitalization or CD-related surgery. Multivariate analyses were performed including all the relevant parameters.
RESULTS: Overall, 63 patients with CD were included (mean follow-up = 4.8 ± 3.1 semesters). In multivariate analysis (n = 303 semesters), complete BWH or BWH was associated with sustained CFREM according to MaRIA [OR = 4.42 (2.29-26.54); p = 0.042 and OR = 3.43 (1.02-27.02); p = 0.047, respectively] or Clermont score [OR = 3.09 (1.01-12.91); p = 0.049 and OR = 3.88 (1.40-13.80); p = 0.036, respectively]. In multivariate analysis (n = 63 patients), complete BWH or BWH was associated with decreased risk of surgery using MaRIA [HR = 0.16 (0.043-0.63); p = 0.008 and HR = 0.24 (0.07-0.77); p = 0.017, respectively] or Clermont score [HR = 0.24 (0.07-0.78); p = 0.016 and HR = 0.23 (0.07-0.76); p = 0.016, respectively].
CONCLUSIONS: MRI endpoints are predictive of favorable outcomes after medical therapy and could be used as therapeutic target in daily practice and clinical trials.
PMID: 30167884 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]