Association of FUT2 and ABO with Crohn’s disease in Koreans.

Association of FUT2 and ABO with Crohn’s disease in Koreans.

J Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2019 Jul 01;:

Authors: Ye BD, Kim BM, Jung S, Lee HS, Hong M, Kim K, Moon JW, Baek J, Oh EH, Hwang SW, Park SH, Yang SK, Song K

Abstract
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Fucosyltransferase 2 (FUT2) at 19q13 is a well-established susceptibility locus for Crohn’s disease (CD) in Caucasians. FUT2 encodes α-1,2-fucosyltransferase that regulates the secretion of the ABO antigens in both gastrointestinal mucosa and secretory glands. Given that Crohn’s disease is thought to arise from dysregulated mucosal immune responses to the gut flora and both the ABO blood group and the FUT2 secretor status affect the composition of the gut microbiota, the goal of this study was to evaluate the associations of variants of FUT2 and ABO with CD in Koreans.
METHODS: Three single nucleotide polymorphisms from the FUT2 and ABO genes were genotyped in 1,735 patients with CD and 8,074 healthy controls.
RESULTS: The FUT2 non-secretor allele showed genome-wide significant association with CD in Koreans (rs1047781, OR = 1.30, Pcombined = 3.52 × 10-12 ). The ABO locus showed genome-wide significant association with CD in Asians (Pmeta = 2.35 × 10-8 ). Compared to the O group, moderate association was observed with the A and B groups (OR = 1.40, 2.26 × 10-6 and OR = 1.32, 1.92 × 10-4 , respectively). Following stratification on the basis of FUT2 genotype, carriers of the secretor O blood group were significantly protective against CD compared to the secretor non-O blood group (OR = 0.63, 95% CI = 0.54 – 0.73, 2.86 × 10-9 ).
CONCLUSIONS: These are the first results indicating that the O blood group and FUT2 secretor status are protective factors against Crohn’s disease in Asians.

PMID: 31260595 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]

PubMed Link: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31260595?dopt=Abstract