Assessment of steroid use as a key performance indicator in inflammatory bowel disease-analysis of data from 2385 UK patients.
Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2019 Oct 08;:
Authors: Selinger CP, Parkes GC, Bassi A, Limdi JK, Ludlow H, Patel P, Smith M, Saluke S, Ndlovu Z, George B, Saunders J, Adamson M, Fraser A, Robinson J, Donovan F, Parisi I, Tidbury J, Gray L, Pollok R, Scott G, Raine T
BACKGROUND: Patients with IBD are at risk of excess corticosteroids.
AIMS: To assess steroid excess in a large IBD cohort and test associations with quality improvement and prescribing.
METHODS: Steroid exposure was recorded for outpatients attending 19 centres and associated factors analysed. Measures taken to avoid excess were assessed.
RESULTS: Of 2385 patients, 28% received steroids in the preceding 12 months. 14.8% had steroid excess or dependency. Steroid use was significantly lower at ‘intervention centres’ which participated in a quality improvement programme (exposure: 23.8% vs 31.0%, P < .001; excess 11.5% vs 17.1%, P < .001). At intervention centres, steroid use fell from 2015 to 2017 (steroid exposure 30.0%-23.8%, P = .003; steroid excess 13.8%-11.5%, P = .17). Steroid excess was judged avoidable in 50.7%. Factors independently associated with reduced steroid excess in Crohn’s disease included maintenance with anti-TNF agents (OR 0.61 [95% CI 0.24-0.95]), treatment in a centre with a multi-disciplinary team (OR 0.54 [95% CI 0.20-0.86]) and treatment at an intervention centre (OR 0.72 [95% CI 0.46-0.97]). Treatment with 5-ASA in CD was associated with higher rates of steroid excess (OR 1.72 [95% CI 1.24-2.09]). In ulcerative colitis (UC), thiopurine monotherapy was associated with steroid excess (OR 1.97 [95% CI 1.19-3.01]) and treatment at an intervention centre with less steroid excess (OR 0.72 [95% CI 0.45-0.95]).
CONCLUSIONS: This study validates steroid assessment as a meaningful quality measure and provides a benchmark for this performance indicator in a large cohort. A programme of quality improvement was associated with lower steroid use.
PMID: 31595533 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]