A validated risk stratification tool for detecting high-risk small bowel Crohn’s disease.
Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2019 Nov 26;:
Authors: Shen EX, Lord A, Doecke JD, Hanigan K, Irwin J, Cheng RKY, Radford-Smith G
BACKGROUND: Delays in Crohn’s disease (CD) diagnosis are positively associated with ileal location and an increased risk of complications.
AIM: To develop a simple risk assessment tool to enable primary care physicians to recognise potential ileal CD earlier, shortening the delay to specialist investigation METHODS: Three cohorts were acquired for this study. Cohort 1 included 61 patients retrospectively identified with ileal CD between 2000 and 2010 and 78 matched controls drawn from a cohort referred for investigation of abdominal symptoms. Cohort 2 included 42 individuals diagnosed with ileal CD and 57 controls identified prospectively. Cohort 3 included an additional 84 individuals with ileal CD and 495 without CD referred for colonoscopy. Clinical symptoms and serological biomarkers were acquired and used to develop a risk prediction algorithm. The algorithm was trained independently on each of the three cohorts and tested on the latter two cohorts.
RESULTS: Altered bowel habit with abdominal pain combined with derangements in white cell count (WCC), albumin and platelet counts were important features in predicting ileal CD (AUC = 0.92, 95% CI = 0.89-0.92). This was validated in cohorts 2 (AUC = 0.96, 95% CI = 0.95-0.98) and 3 (AUC = 0.94, 95% CI = 0.92-0.96). C-reactive protein was independently associated with ileal CD but non-signficant in a multivariate model.
CONCLUSION: A web-based risk stratification tool for ileal CD has been developed from objective and symptom-based criteria. This tool enables primary care physicians to more confidently request urgent specialist assessment for patients identified as at high risk for ileal CD.
PMID: 31769537 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]