Vedolizumab exposure levels and clinical outcomes in ulcerative colitis: determining the potential for dose optimisation.

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Vedolizumab exposure levels and clinical outcomes in ulcerative colitis: determining the potential for dose optimisation.

Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2019 Jan 20;:

Authors: Osterman MT, Rosario M, Lasch K, Barocas M, Wilbur JD, Dirks NL, Gastonguay MR

Abstract
BACKGROUND: Prospectively designed studies assessing the exposure-response profile of vedolizumab are lacking. Observational exposure-response data for vedolizumab are limited and have not been adjusted for potential confounding factors, particularly those that may affect vedolizumab clearance.
AIMS: This analysis aimed to: (a) investigate the vedolizumab exposure-response relationship after adjusting for potential confounding variables; (b) propose potential target serum vedolizumab concentrations for future study; (c) ascertain whether early vedolizumab serum concentrations were associated with short- and long-term clinical outcomes in adults with ulcerative colitis in GEMINI 1.
METHODS: Propensity-score-based case-matching analysis was performed using data from GEMINI 1 and an earlier large population pharmacokinetic study, with vedolizumab clearance or concentration as predictors of clinical remission and response, adjusted for age, weight, anti-tumour necrosis factor alpha therapy history, serum albumin and faecal calprotectin concentrations. Potential vedolizumab concentration targets at weeks 6, 14 and steady state were proposed. Association between early vedolizumab concentrations at weeks 2, 4 and 6 and clinical remission at weeks 14 and 52 was evaluated.
RESULTS: Among 693 patients with pharmacokinetic data at week 6, potential target vedolizumab concentrations at weeks 6, 14 and steady state were 37.1, 18.4 and 12.7 µg/mL respectively. Week 6 was identified as the earliest time at which vedolizumab concentrations were consistently associated with clinical remission at weeks 14 and 52.
CONCLUSIONS: In this comprehensively adjusted analysis, vedolizumab concentrations at week 6 were associated with short- and long-term remission. Potential induction and maintenance target concentrations were proposed for further study.

PMID: 30663076 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]

PubMed Link: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30663076?dopt=Abstract