Opioid Analgesics Do Not Improve Abdominal Pain or Quality of Life in Crohn’s Disease.

Related Articles

Opioid Analgesics Do Not Improve Abdominal Pain or Quality of Life in Crohn’s Disease.

Dig Dis Sci. 2019 Nov 22;:

Authors: Coates MD, Seth N, Clarke K, Abdul-Baki H, Mahoney N, Walter V, Regueiro MD, Ramos-Rivers C, Koutroubakis IE, Bielefeldt K, Binion DG

Abstract
BACKGROUND: Abdominal pain and opioid analgesic use are common in Crohn’s disease (CD).
AIMS: We sought to identify factors associated with abdominal pain in CD and evaluate the impact of opioid analgesics on pain and quality-of-life scores in this setting.
METHODS: We performed a longitudinal cohort study using a prospective, consented IBD natural history registry from a single academic center between 2009 and 2013. Consecutive CD patients were followed for at least 1 year after an index visit. Data were abstracted regarding pain experience (from validated surveys), inflammatory activity (using endoscopic/histologic findings), laboratory studies, coexistent psychiatric disorders, medical therapy, opioid analgesic, and tobacco use.
RESULTS: Of 542 CD patients (56.6% women), 232 (42.8%) described abdominal pain. Individuals with pain were more likely to undergo surgery and were more frequently prescribed analgesics and/or antidepressants/anxiolytics. Elevated ESR (OR 1.79; 95%CI 1.11-2.87), coexistent anxiety/depression (OR 1.87; 95%CI 1.13-3.09), smoking (OR 2.08; 95%CI 1.27-3.40), and opioid use (OR 2.46; 95%CI 1.33-4.57) were independently associated with abdominal pain. Eighty patients (14.8%) were prescribed opioids, while 31 began taking them at or after the index visit. Patients started on opioids demonstrated no improvement in abdominal pain or quality-of-life scores on follow-up compared to patients not taking opioids.
CONCLUSIONS: Abdominal pain is common in CD and is associated with significant opioid analgesic utilization and increased incidence of anxiety/depression, smoking, and elevated inflammatory markers. Importantly, opioid use in CD was not associated with improvement in pain or quality-of-life scores. These findings reinforce the limitations of currently available analgesics in IBD and support exploration of alternative therapies.

PMID: 31758431 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]

PubMed Link: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31758431?dopt=Abstract