The glucose breath test: a diagnostic test for small bowel stricture(s) in Crohn’s disease.

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The glucose breath test: a diagnostic test for small bowel stricture(s) in Crohn’s disease.

Dig Dis Sci. 2002 Mar;47(3):489-94

Authors: Mishkin D, Boston FM, Blank D, Yalovsky M, Mishkin S

Abstract
The aim of this study was to determine whether an indirect noninvasive indicator of proximal bacterial overgrowth, the glucose breath test, was of diagnostic value in inflammatory bowel disease. Twenty four of 71 Crohn’s disease patients tested had a positive glucose breath test. No statistical conclusions could be drawn between the Crohn’s disease activity index and glucose breath test status. Of patients with radiologic evidence of small bowel stricture(s), 96.0% had a positive glucose breath test, while only one of 46 negative glucose breath test patients had a stricture. The positive and negative predictive values for a positive glucose breath test as an indicator of stricture formation were 96.0% and 97.8%, respectively. This correlation was not altered in Crohn’s disease patients with fistulae or status postresection of the terminal ileum. The data in ulcerative colitis were nondiagnostic. In conclusion, the glucose breath test appears to be an accurate noninvasive inexpensive diagnostic test for small bowel stricture(s) and secondary bacterial overgrowth in Crohn’s disease.

PMID: 11911333 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]

PubMed Link: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11911333?dopt=Abstract