Clinical importance of IL-22 cascade in IBD.

Related Articles Clinical importance of IL-22 cascade in IBD. J Gastroenterol. 2017 Oct 26;: Authors: Mizoguchi A, Yano A, Himuro H, Ezaki Y, Sadanaga T, Mizoguchi E Abstract IL-22 is a relatively new cytokine that is characterized by several unique biological properties. In the intestines, the effect of IL-22 is restricted mainly to non-lymphoid cells such as epithelial cells. Interestingly, the expression pattern and major cellular source of IL-22 have distinct difference between large and small intestines. IL-22 possesses an ability to constitutively activate STAT3 for promoting epithelial cell regeneration…

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Correction to: Complete mucosal healing of distal lesions induced by twice-daily budesonide 2-mg foam promoted clinical remission of mild-to-moderate ulcerative colitis with distal active inflammation: double-blind, randomized study.

Correction to: Complete mucosal healing of distal lesions induced by twice-daily budesonide 2-mg foam promoted clinical remission of mild-to-moderate ulcerative colitis with distal active inflammation: double-blind, randomized study. J Gastroenterol. 2017 Oct 13;: Authors: Naganuma M, Aoyama N, Tada T, Kobayashi K, Hirai F, Watanabe K, Watanabe M, Hibi T Abstract In Fig. 2(c) of this article, the length of the “95% CI difference bars” under the items labelled “Left-sided and Pancolitis” and “Left-sided” under the heading “Disease type” was corrected. The correct figure is shown in the following page. PMID:…

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Pouch functional outcomes after restorative proctocolectomy with ileal-pouch reconstruction in patients with ulcerative colitis: Japanese multi-center nationwide cohort study.

Pouch functional outcomes after restorative proctocolectomy with ileal-pouch reconstruction in patients with ulcerative colitis: Japanese multi-center nationwide cohort study. J Gastroenterol. 2017 Sep 07;: Authors: Uchino M, Ikeuchi H, Sugita A, Futami K, Watanabe T, Fukushima K, Tatsumi K, Koganei K, Kimura H, Hata K, Takahashi K, Watanabe K, Mizushima T, Funayama Y, Higashi D, Araki T, Kusunoki M, Ueda T, Koyama F, Itabashi M, Nezu R, Suzuki Y, a research grant on intractable disease affiliated with the Japan Ministry of Health Labor Welfare Abstract BACKGROUND: Although several complications capable…

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Expression of ATF6 as a marker of pre-cancerous atypical change in ulcerative colitis-associated colorectal cancer: a potential role in the management of dysplasia.

Expression of ATF6 as a marker of pre-cancerous atypical change in ulcerative colitis-associated colorectal cancer: a potential role in the management of dysplasia. J Gastroenterol. 2017 Sep 07;: Authors: Hanaoka M, Ishikawa T, Ishiguro M, Tokura M, Yamauchi S, Kikuchi A, Uetake H, Yasuno M, Kawano T Abstract BACKGROUND: Diagnosis of low-grade dysplasia (LGD) is important in the management of ulcerative colitis (UC), but it is often difficult to distinguish LGD from inflammatory regenerative epithelium. The unfolded protein response (UPR) is activated in inflammatory bowel disease and malignancies. We aimed…

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Analysis of endoscopic brush samples identified mucosa-associated dysbiosis in inflammatory bowel disease.

Related Articles Analysis of endoscopic brush samples identified mucosa-associated dysbiosis in inflammatory bowel disease. J Gastroenterol. 2017 Aug 29;: Authors: Nishino K, Nishida A, Inoue R, Kawada Y, Ohno M, Sakai S, Inatomi O, Bamba S, Sugimoto M, Kawahara M, Naito Y, Andoh A Abstract BACKGROUND: The mucosa-associated gut microbiota directly modulates epithelial and mucosal function. In this study, we investigated the mucosa-associated microbial community in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), using endoscopic brush samples. METHODS: A total of 174 mucus samples from 43 patients with ulcerative colitis (UC),…

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Complete mucosal healing of distal lesions induced by twice-daily budesonide 2-mg foam promoted clinical remission of mild-to-moderate ulcerative colitis with distal active inflammation: double-blind, randomized study.

Related Articles Complete mucosal healing of distal lesions induced by twice-daily budesonide 2-mg foam promoted clinical remission of mild-to-moderate ulcerative colitis with distal active inflammation: double-blind, randomized study. J Gastroenterol. 2017 Aug 04;: Authors: Naganuma M, Aoyama N, Tada T, Kobayashi K, Hirai F, Watanabe K, Watanabe M, Hibi T Abstract BACKGROUND: Budesonide foam is used for the topical treatment of distal ulcerative colitis. This phase III study was performed to confirm mucosal healing and other therapeutic effects of twice-daily budesonide 2-mg foam in patients with mild-to-moderate ulcerative colitis including…

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Mesenchymal stem cell therapy for acute and chronic pancreatitis.

Related Articles Mesenchymal stem cell therapy for acute and chronic pancreatitis. J Gastroenterol. 2017 Jun 23;: Authors: Kawakubo K, Ohnishi S, Kuwatani M, Sakamoto N Abstract Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have attracted attention as a cell source for regenerative medicine. In particular, MSCs have an anti-inflammatory effect by secreting several kinds of bioactive molecules. MSC therapy is now being applied to various gastrointestinal diseases, such as graft-versus-host disease, inflammatory bowel disease, and liver cirrhosis. Therefore, MSC therapy has the potential to be a novel treatment for acute and chronic pancreatitis…

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A multicenter, retrospective, observational study of the clinical outcomes and risk factors for relapse of ulcerative colitis at 1 year after leukocytapheresis.

Related Articles A multicenter, retrospective, observational study of the clinical outcomes and risk factors for relapse of ulcerative colitis at 1 year after leukocytapheresis. J Gastroenterol. 2017 Jun 08;: Authors: Kobayashi T, Matsuoka K, Yokoyama Y, Nakamura T, Ino T, Numata T, Shibata H, Aoki H, Matsuno Y, Hibi T Abstract BACKGROUND: Extracorporeal leukocytapheresis (LCAP) is effective for inducing remission of ulcerative colitis (UC). This retrospective observational study aimed to evaluate the clinical outcome at 1 year and identify risk factors for relapse of UC after LCAP. METHODS: Patients with active UC…

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TGF-β in inflammatory bowel disease: a key regulator of immune cells, epithelium, and the intestinal microbiota.

Related Articles TGF-β in inflammatory bowel disease: a key regulator of immune cells, epithelium, and the intestinal microbiota. J Gastroenterol. 2017 May 22;: Authors: Ihara S, Hirata Y, Koike K Abstract Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is defined as chronic intestinal inflammation, and includes ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease. Multiple factors are involved in the pathogenesis of IBD, and the condition is characterized by aberrant mucosal immune reactions to intestinal microbes in genetically susceptible hosts. Transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) is an immune-suppressive cytokine produced by many cell types and activated by…

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Erratum to: Four-year maintenance treatment with adalimumab in Japanese patients with moderately to severely active ulcerative colitis.

Related Articles Erratum to: Four-year maintenance treatment with adalimumab in Japanese patients with moderately to severely active ulcerative colitis. J Gastroenterol. 2017 Apr 12;: Authors: Suzuki Y, Motoya S, Hanai H, Hibi T, Nakamura S, Lazar A, Robinson AM, Skup M, Mostafa NM, Huang B, Thakkar R, Watanabe M PMID: 28405767 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher] PubMed Link: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28405767?dopt=Abstract

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