Low-dose Methotrexate has Similar Outcomes to High-dose Methotrexate in Combination with Anti-TNF Therapy in Inflammatory Bowel Diseases.

Low-dose Methotrexate has Similar Outcomes to High-dose Methotrexate in Combination with Anti-TNF Therapy in Inflammatory Bowel Diseases. J Crohns Colitis. 2019 Mar 19;: Authors: Borren NZ, Luther J, Colizzo FP, Garber JG, Khalili H, Ananthakrishnan AN Abstract BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Methotrexate [MTX] is a well-known immunomodulator in the treatment of inflammatory bowel disease [IBD] and is often combined with biologic agents. The ideal MTX dose for combination therapy has not been determined. This study aimed to investigate the effect of varying doses of MTX on efficacy and safety outcomes when…

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The Inflammatory Bowel Disease Drug Azathioprine Induces Autophagy via mTORC1 and the Unfolded Protein Response Sensor PERK.

The Inflammatory Bowel Disease Drug Azathioprine Induces Autophagy via mTORC1 and the Unfolded Protein Response Sensor PERK. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2019 Mar 19;: Authors: Hooper KM, Casanova V, Kemp S, Staines KA, Satsangi J, Barlow PG, Henderson P, Stevens C Abstract BACKGROUND: Genetic studies have strongly linked autophagy to Crohn’s disease (CD), and stimulating autophagy in CD patients may be therapeutically beneficial. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of current inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) drugs on autophagy and investigate molecular mechanisms of action and functional outcomes…

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Novel Leucocyte/Thrombocyte Apheresis for Induction of Steroid-Free Remission in Ulcerative Colitis: A Controlled Randomized Pilot Study.

Related Articles Novel Leucocyte/Thrombocyte Apheresis for Induction of Steroid-Free Remission in Ulcerative Colitis: A Controlled Randomized Pilot Study. J Crohns Colitis. 2019 Mar 13;: Authors: Kruis W, Nguyen P, Morgenstern J, Ramlow W, Dignaß A, Stallmach A, Drebber U Abstract BACKGROUND AND AIMS: In active ulcerative colitis [UC] refractory to mesalazine, escalation to either steroids or immunosuppression is common practice. The efficacy and safety of alternative escalation therapy with a novel leukocyte apheresis device were studied. METHODS: This was a prospective, randomized, controlled multicentre pilot study comparing leukocyte apheresis with…

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Mortality Associated With Development of Squamous Cell Cancer in Patients With Inflammatory Bowel Disease Receiving Treatment With Thiopurines.

Related Articles Mortality Associated With Development of Squamous Cell Cancer in Patients With Inflammatory Bowel Disease Receiving Treatment With Thiopurines. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2019 Mar 07;: Authors: Khan N, Lee H, Trivedi C, Kavani H, Medvedeva E, Xie D, Lewis JD, Yang YX Abstract BACKGROUND & AIMS: Treatment with thiopurines is associated with an increased risk of squamous cell carcinoma of the skin (SCC) in patients with inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD). We studied outcomes of patients with IBD who developed SCC while receiving thiopurine therapy. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective…

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ZNF133 Is Associated with Infliximab Responsiveness in Patients with Inflammatory Bowel Diseases.

ZNF133 Is Associated with Infliximab Responsiveness in Patients with Inflammatory Bowel Diseases. J Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2019 Mar 09;: Authors: Jung ES, Choi KW, Kim SW, Hübenthal M, Mucha S, Park J, Park Z, Ellinghaus D, Schreiber S, Franke A, Oh WY, Cheon JH Abstract BACKGROUND AND AIM: Infliximab has been widely prescribed for treating inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). However, the response rates to infliximab differ among patients. Therefore, we aimed to identify the genetic and clinical markers that predict infliximab response. METHODS: A total of 139 Korean patients with IBD…

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Vedolizumab Concentrations Are Associated with Long-Term Endoscopic Remission in Patients with Inflammatory Bowel Diseases.

Vedolizumab Concentrations Are Associated with Long-Term Endoscopic Remission in Patients with Inflammatory Bowel Diseases. Dig Dis Sci. 2019 Mar 05;: Authors: Yarur AJ, Bruss A, Naik S, Beniwal-Patel P, Fox C, Jain A, Berens B, Patel A, Ungaro R, Bahur B, Dubinsky M, Stein DJ Abstract BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess the relationship of serum vedolizumab concentrations (SVC) during induction and endoscopic remission in patients with inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) after 52 weeks of therapy with vedolizumab. We also sought to assess the incidence of antibody to…

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Long-term efficacy and safety of CT-P13, a biosimilar of infliximab, in patients with inflammatory bowel disease: A retrospective multicenter study.

Related Articles Long-term efficacy and safety of CT-P13, a biosimilar of infliximab, in patients with inflammatory bowel disease: A retrospective multicenter study. J Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2019 Mar 03;: Authors: Kim NH, Lee JH, Hong SN, Yoon H, Kang HW, Lee SH, Im JP, Cha JM, Eun CS, Kim JW, Choi CH, Park DI Abstract BACKGROUND AND AIM: A biosimilar of infliximab, CT-P13 (Remsima®) has the potential to reduce treatment costs and enhance access to biological therapy for inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients. However, long-term clinical data on its use for…

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Subcutaneous Absorption Contributes to Observed Interindividual Variability in Adalimumab Serum Concentrations in Crohn’s Disease: A Prospective Multicentre Study.

Related Articles Subcutaneous Absorption Contributes to Observed Interindividual Variability in Adalimumab Serum Concentrations in Crohn’s Disease: A Prospective Multicentre Study. J Crohns Colitis. 2019 Mar 01;: Authors: Casteele NV, Baert F, Bian S, Dreesen E, Compernolle G, Van Assche G, Ferrante M, Vermeire S, Gils A Abstract BACKGROUND: Therapeutic drug monitoring is used to optimize adalimumab therapy in patients with Crohn’s disease (CD). However, the interindividual variability in drug absorption and the quantitative effect on drug clearance of antiadalimumab antibodies (AAA), measured with a drug resistant assay, is unclear. AIM:…

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