SHANK3 Regulates Intestinal Barrier Function Through Modulating ZO-1 Expression Through the PKCĪµ-dependent Pathway.

Related Articles SHANK3 Regulates Intestinal Barrier Function Through Modulating ZO-1 Expression Through the PKCε-dependent Pathway. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2017 Aug 23;: Authors: Wei SC, Yang-Yen HF, Tsao PN, Weng MT, Tung CC, Yu LCH, Lai LC, Hsiao JH, Chuang EY, Shun CT, Ni YH, Xavier RJ, Podolsky DK, Yen JJY, Wong JM Abstract BACKGROUND: The integrity of the gut barrier in patients with inflammatory bowel disease is known to be impaired but the exact mechanisms remain mostly unknown. SHANK3 mutations are associated with autism, and patients with autism are known…

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Long-term Efficacy, Safety, and Immunogenicity of Biosimilar Infliximab After One Year in a Prospective Nationwide Cohort.

Related Articles Long-term Efficacy, Safety, and Immunogenicity of Biosimilar Infliximab After One Year in a Prospective Nationwide Cohort. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2017 Aug 23;: Authors: Gonczi L, Gecse KB, Vegh Z, Kurti Z, Rutka M, Farkas K, Golovics PA, Lovasz BD, Banai J, Bene L, Gasztonyi B, Kristof T, Lakatos L, Miheller P, Nagy F, Palatka K, Papp M, Patai A, Salamon A, Szamosi T, Szepes Z, Toth GT, Vincze A, Szalay B, Molnar T, Lakatos PL Abstract BACKGROUND: It has been previously shown that biosimilar infliximab CT-P13 is effective…

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Obese Patients Undergoing Ileal Pouch-Anal Anastomosis: Short- and Long-term Surgical Outcomes.

Related Articles Obese Patients Undergoing Ileal Pouch-Anal Anastomosis: Short- and Long-term Surgical Outcomes. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2017 Aug 23;: Authors: McKenna NP, Mathis KL, Khasawneh MA, Dozois EJ, Larson DW, Pemberton JH, Lightner AL Abstract BACKGROUND: Ileal pouch-anal anastomosis (IPAA) is the preferred surgical treatment for patients with chronic ulcerative colitis. Little is known about the impact of obesity on operative characteristics, short-term postoperative complications and long-term functional outcomes after IPAA. METHODS: A retrospective review of all patients undergoing IPAA for chronic ulcerative colitis at a single tertiary referral center…

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Systematic Review and Meta-analysis: Fecal Microbiota Transplantation for Treatment of Active Ulcerative Colitis.

Related Articles Systematic Review and Meta-analysis: Fecal Microbiota Transplantation for Treatment of Active Ulcerative Colitis. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2017 Aug 23;: Authors: Narula N, Kassam Z, Yuan Y, Colombel JF, Ponsioen C, Reinisch W, Moayyedi P Abstract BACKGROUND: Changes in the colonic microbiota may play a role in the pathogenesis of ulcerative colitis (UC) and restoration of healthy gut microbiota may ameliorate disease. A systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted to assess fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) as a treatment for active UC. METHODS: A literature search was conducted to identify…

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Strategies for detecting colon cancer in patients with inflammatory bowel disease.

Strategies for detecting colon cancer in patients with inflammatory bowel disease. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2017 Sep 18;9:CD000279 Authors: Bye WA, Nguyen TM, Parker CE, Jairath V, East JE Abstract BACKGROUND: Patients with longstanding ulcerative colitis and colonic Crohn’s disease have an increased risk of colorectal cancer (CRC) compared with the general population. This review assessed the evidence that endoscopic surveillance may prolong life by allowing earlier detection of CRC or its pre-cursor lesion, dysplasia, in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness of cancer surveillance…

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Risk factors for thiopurine-induced myelosuppression and infections in inflammatory bowel disease patients with a normal TPMT genotype.

Risk factors for thiopurine-induced myelosuppression and infections in inflammatory bowel disease patients with a normal TPMT genotype. Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2017 Sep 15;: Authors: Broekman MMTJ, Coenen MJH, Wanten GJ, van Marrewijk CJ, Klungel OH, Verbeek ALM, Hooymans PM, Guchelaar HJ, Scheffer H, Derijks LJJ, Wong DR, de Jong DJ Abstract BACKGROUND: Leucopenia is a common side effect in patients treated with thiopurines. Variants in the thiopurine S-methyltransferase (TPMT) gene are the best-known risk factor, but only explain up to 25% of leucopenia cases. AIM: To identify the clinical risk…

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IBD LIVE Series-Case 8: Treatment Options for Refractory Esophageal Crohn’s Disease and Hidradenitis Suppurativa.

Related Articles IBD LIVE Series-Case 8: Treatment Options for Refractory Esophageal Crohn’s Disease and Hidradenitis Suppurativa. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2017 Oct;23(10):1667-1677 Authors: Iskandar H, Greer JB, Krasinskas AM, Tinsley AT, Koltun WA, Siegel CA, Levy LC, Herfarth HH, Farraye FA, Binion DG, Rosh JR, Keljo DJ, Isaacs KL, Regueiro MD PMID: 28906288 [PubMed – in process] PubMed Link: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28906288?dopt=Abstract

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Update on the Therapeutic Efficacy of Tregs in IBD: Thumbs up or Thumbs down?

Related Articles Update on the Therapeutic Efficacy of Tregs in IBD: Thumbs up or Thumbs down? Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2017 Oct;23(10):1682-1688 Authors: Fantini MC, Monteleone G Abstract Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis, the 2 major forms of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in humans, arise in genetically predisposed individuals because of an abnormal immune response direct against constituents of the gut flora. Defects in counter-regulatory mechanisms are supposed to amplify and maintain the IBD-associated mucosal inflammation. Therefore, restoring the balance between inflammatory and anti-inflammatory pathways in the gut could contribute to…

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Safety Considerations with the Use of Corticosteroids and Biologic Therapies in Mild-to-Moderate Ulcerative Colitis.

Related Articles Safety Considerations with the Use of Corticosteroids and Biologic Therapies in Mild-to-Moderate Ulcerative Colitis. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2017 Oct;23(10):1689-1701 Authors: Cross RK Abstract BACKGROUND: The risk of corticosteroid-associated adverse events can limit the use of systemic corticosteroids. Oral, topically acting, second-generation corticosteroids that deliver drug to the site of inflammation, and biologic therapies, are effective treatment alternatives. The aim of this review was to evaluate the safety and tolerability of topically acting corticosteroids and biologic therapies versus oral systemic corticosteroids for ulcerative colitis (UC). METHODS: The PubMed database…

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