Evolution of Clinical Behavior in Crohn’s Disease: Factors Associated with Complicated Disease and Surgery.

Related Articles Evolution of Clinical Behavior in Crohn’s Disease: Factors Associated with Complicated Disease and Surgery. Dig Dis Sci. 2017 Jul 26;: Authors: de Barros KSC, Flores C, Harlacher L, Francesconi CFM Abstract BACKGROUND: The phenotypic expression of Crohn’s disease may vary over time. Establishment of Crohn’s disease phenotypes is important for definition of patient care strategies. AIMS: The aim of the study was to evaluate the long-term evolution of patients based on disease phenotypes and the main factors associated with this evolution. METHODS: Data from 179 patients were collected…

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Challenges of modern day transition care in inflammatory bowel disease: From inflammatory bowel disease to biosimilars.

Related Articles Challenges of modern day transition care in inflammatory bowel disease: From inflammatory bowel disease to biosimilars. World J Gastroenterol. 2017 Jul 07;23(25):4473-4479 Authors: Hakizimana A, Ahmed I, Russell R, Wright M, Afzal NA Abstract In this article we discuss the challenges of delivering a high quality Transition care. A good understanding of the adolescent needs with good communication between Transition care physicians and the patient is essential for good continuity of care. Despite availability of several guidelines, one model doesn’t fit all and any transition service development should…

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Distinct gut microbiota profiles in patients with primary sclerosing cholangitis and ulcerative colitis.

Related Articles Distinct gut microbiota profiles in patients with primary sclerosing cholangitis and ulcerative colitis. World J Gastroenterol. 2017 Jul 07;23(25):4548-4558 Authors: Bajer L, Kverka M, Kostovcik M, Macinga P, Dvorak J, Stehlikova Z, Brezina J, Wohl P, Spicak J, Drastich P Abstract AIM: To characterize the gut bacterial microbiota of patients with primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) and ulcerative colitis (UC). METHODS: Stool samples were collected and relevant clinical data obtained from 106 study participants, 43 PSC patients with (n = 32) or without (n = 11) concomitant inflammatory bowel…

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Anti-inflammatory and anti-apoptotic effects of rosuvastatin by regulation of oxidative stress in a dextran sulfate sodium-induced colitis model.

Related Articles Anti-inflammatory and anti-apoptotic effects of rosuvastatin by regulation of oxidative stress in a dextran sulfate sodium-induced colitis model. World J Gastroenterol. 2017 Jul 07;23(25):4559-4568 Authors: Shin SK, Cho JH, Kim EJ, Kim EK, Park DK, Kwon KA, Chung JW, Kim KO, Kim YJ Abstract AIM: To evaluate the anti-inflammatory and anti-apoptotic effects of rosuvastatin by regulation of oxidative stress in a dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced colitis model. METHODS: An acute colitis mouse model was induced by oral administration of 5% DSS in the drinking water for 7 d….

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Partners of patients with ulcerative colitis exhibit a biologically relevant dysbiosis in fecal microbial metacommunities.

Related Articles Partners of patients with ulcerative colitis exhibit a biologically relevant dysbiosis in fecal microbial metacommunities. World J Gastroenterol. 2017 Jul 07;23(25):4624-4631 Authors: Chen GL, Zhang Y, Wang WY, Ji XL, Meng F, Xu PS, Yang NM, Ye FQ, Bo XC Abstract AIM: To investigate alterations in the fecal microbiome using 16S rRNA amplicon sequencing in couples in the same cohabitation environment. METHODS: Fecal samples were collected from eight ulcerative colitis (UC) patients and their healthy partners at Lishui People’s Hospital, Zhejiang Province, China. DNA was extracted and the…

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Rural and Urban Residence During Early Life is Associated with a Lower Risk of Inflammatory Bowel Disease: A Population-Based Inception and Birth Cohort Study.

Related Articles Rural and Urban Residence During Early Life is Associated with a Lower Risk of Inflammatory Bowel Disease: A Population-Based Inception and Birth Cohort Study. Am J Gastroenterol. 2017 Jul 25;: Authors: Benchimol EI, Kaplan GG, Otley AR, Nguyen GC, Underwood FE, Guttmann A, Jones JL, Potter BK, Catley CA, Nugent ZJ, Cui Y, Tanyingoh D, Mojaverian N, Bitton A, Carroll MW, deBruyn J, Dummer TJB, El-Matary W, Griffiths AM, Jacobson K, Kuenzig ME, Leddin D, Lix LM, Mack DR, Murthy SK, Sánchez JNP, Singh H, Targownik LE, Vutcovici…

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Review article: the many potential roles of intestinal serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT) signalling in inflammatory bowel disease.

Review article: the many potential roles of intestinal serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT) signalling in inflammatory bowel disease. Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2017 Jul 24;: Authors: Coates MD, Tekin I, Vrana KE, Mawe GM Abstract BACKGROUND: Serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT) is an important mediator of every major gut-related function. Recent investigations also suggest that 5-HT can influence the development and severity of inflammation within the gut, particularly in the setting of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). AIM: To review the roles that the intestinal serotonin signalling system plays in gut function, with a specific focus…

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Risk of Cancer Recurrence Among Individuals Exposed to Antitumor Necrosis Factor Therapy: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Observational Studies.

Risk of Cancer Recurrence Among Individuals Exposed to Antitumor Necrosis Factor Therapy: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Observational Studies. J Clin Gastroenterol. 2017 Jul 21;: Authors: Micic D, Komaki Y, Alavanja A, Rubin DT, Sakuraba A Abstract BACKGROUND: Patients with immune-mediated disorders such as ankylosing spondylitis, inflammatory bowel disease, psoriasis and rheumatoid arthritis are increasingly treated with tumor necrosis factor (TNF) inhibitors. The safety of anti-TNF therapy in patients with a history of cancer requires further evaluation. We conducted a systematic review and a meta-analysis of observational studies including…

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CRP/Albumin Ratio: An Early Predictor of Steroid Responsiveness in Acute Severe Ulcerative Colitis.

CRP/Albumin Ratio: An Early Predictor of Steroid Responsiveness in Acute Severe Ulcerative Colitis. J Clin Gastroenterol. 2017 Jul 21;: Authors: Gibson DJ, Hartery K, Doherty J, Nolan J, Keegan D, Byrne K, Martin ST, Buckley M, Sheridan J, Horgan G, Mulcahy HE, Cullen G, Doherty GA Abstract INTRODUCTION: Identifying hospitalized patients with acute severe ulcerative colitis (ASUC) who will be refractory to corticosteroid therapy and require rescue therapy remains difficult. Hypoalbuminemia worsens with time during hospitalization and is associated with rapid clearance of and reduced response to infliximab (IFX) rescue….

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Microbiomarkers in inflammatory bowel diseases: caveats come with caviar.

Related Articles Microbiomarkers in inflammatory bowel diseases: caveats come with caviar. Gut. 2017 Jul 21;: Authors: Sommer F, Rühlemann MC, Bang C, Höppner M, Rehman A, Kaleta C, Schmitt-Kopplin P, Dempfle A, Weidinger S, Ellinghaus E, Krauss-Etschmann S, Schmidt-Arras D, Aden K, Schulte D, Ellinghaus D, Schreiber S, Tholey A, Rupp J, Laudes M, Baines JF, Rosenstiel P, Franke A PMID: 28733278 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher] PubMed Link: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28733278?dopt=Abstract

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