Depressive Symptoms Predict Anti-tumor Necrosis Factor Therapy Noncompliance and Healthcare Utilization in Patients with Inflammatory Bowel Disease.

Related Articles Depressive Symptoms Predict Anti-tumor Necrosis Factor Therapy Noncompliance and Healthcare Utilization in Patients with Inflammatory Bowel Disease. Dig Dis Sci. 2018 Jul 19;: Authors: Chablani SV, Ramos-Rivers C, Binion DG, Szigethy E PMID: 30022454 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher] PubMed Link: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30022454?dopt=Abstract

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Recirculating Immunocompetent Cells in Colitic Mice Intensify Their Lung Response to Bacterial Endotoxin.

Related Articles Recirculating Immunocompetent Cells in Colitic Mice Intensify Their Lung Response to Bacterial Endotoxin. Dig Dis Sci. 2018 Jul 11;: Authors: Metwali A, Thorne PS, Ince MN, Metwali N, Winckler S, Guan X, Beyatli S, Truscott J, Urban JF, Elliott DE Abstract BACKGROUND: Patients with inflammatory bowel disease have higher incidence of airway hyperresponsiveness compared to the general population. Lung inflammation leading to airway hyperresponsiveness causes illnesses for more than ten percent of the population in USA. AIMS: We investigated the lung response to bacterial endotoxin in colitic mice.…

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Pregnancy Outcomes Reported During the 13-Year TREAT Registry: A Descriptive Report.

Related Articles Pregnancy Outcomes Reported During the 13-Year TREAT Registry: A Descriptive Report. Am J Gastroenterol. 2018 Jul 19;: Authors: Lichtenstein GR, Feagan BG, Mahadevan U, Salzberg BA, Langholff W, Morgan GJ, Safdi M, Nissinen R, Taillard F, Sandborn WJ, Cohen RD Abstract OBJECTIVES: We described pregnancy outcomes in Crohn’s disease (CD) patients enrolled in the TREAT Registry who received infliximab before, or during pregnancy and those not treated with infliximab or any biologic agent. METHODS: In the TREAT Registry (1999-2012), pregnancy outcomes were analyzed from maternal and paternal patients…

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Increased Risk of Influenza and Influenza-Related Complications Among 140,480 Patients With Inflammatory Bowel Disease.

Increased Risk of Influenza and Influenza-Related Complications Among 140,480 Patients With Inflammatory Bowel Disease. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2018 Jul 18;: Authors: Tinsley A, Navabi S, Williams ED, Liu G, Kong L, Coates MD, Clarke K Abstract Background: Diseases of immune dysregulation are associated with an increased risk of viral infections, some of which may be preventable. To date, there are very limited data on the incidence and risk of influenza and related complications in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Furthermore, the impact of immunosuppressive medications on that risk is…

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Can We Target Endogenous Anti-inflammatory Responses as a Therapeutic Strategy for Inflammatory Bowel Disease?

Can We Target Endogenous Anti-inflammatory Responses as a Therapeutic Strategy for Inflammatory Bowel Disease? Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2018 Jul 18;: Authors: Porter RJ, Andrews C, Brice DP, Durum SK, McLean MH Abstract Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) describes chronic relapsing remitting inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract including ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease. The prevalence of IBD is rising across the globe. Despite a growing therapeutic arsenal, current medical treatments are not universally effective, do not induce lasting remission in all, or are accompanied by short- and long-term adverse effects. Therefore, there…

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Total polysaccharides of the Sijunzi decoction attenuate tumor necrosis factor-α-induced damage to the barrier function of a Caco-2 cell monolayer via the nuclear factor-κB-myosin light chain kinase-myosin light chain pathway.

Total polysaccharides of the Sijunzi decoction attenuate tumor necrosis factor-α-induced damage to the barrier function of a Caco-2 cell monolayer via the nuclear factor-κB-myosin light chain kinase-myosin light chain pathway. World J Gastroenterol. 2018 Jul 14;24(26):2867-2877 Authors: Lu Y, Li L, Zhang JW, Zhong XQ, Wei JA, Han L Abstract AIM: To explore the protective effects and underlying mechanisms of total polysaccharides of the Sijunzi decoction (TPSJ) on the epithelial barriers in vitro. METHODS: Caco-2 cell monolayers were treated with or without TPSJ in the presence or absence of TNF-α,…

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Defining Failure of Medical Therapy for Inflammatory Bowel Disease.

Defining Failure of Medical Therapy for Inflammatory Bowel Disease. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2018 Jul 16;: Authors: Volk N, Siegel CA Abstract Over the past 2 decades, advances in biologic and small molecule therapeutics have resulted in a rapid increase in our armamentarium of therapies for inflammatory bowel disease. Despite these advancements, Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis remain chronic and progressive diseases. One of the primary reasons for persistent inflammation and bowel damage is failure of medical therapy. With growing therapeutic options, there is an increased temptation to quickly move to…

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Corrigendum to Postoperative Outcomes in Vedolizumab-Treated Patients Undergoing Major Abdominal Operations for Inflammatory Bowel Disease: Retrospective Multicenter Cohort Study.

Corrigendum to Postoperative Outcomes in Vedolizumab-Treated Patients Undergoing Major Abdominal Operations for Inflammatory Bowel Disease: Retrospective Multicenter Cohort Study. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2018 Jul 17;: Authors: PMID: 30016430 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher] PubMed Link: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30016430?dopt=Abstract

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Plasma Nuclear Magnetic Resonance metabolomics discriminates between high and low endoscopic activity and predicts progression in a prospective cohort of patients with ulcerative colitis.

Plasma Nuclear Magnetic Resonance metabolomics discriminates between high and low endoscopic activity and predicts progression in a prospective cohort of patients with ulcerative colitis. J Crohns Colitis. 2018 Jul 17;: Authors: Probert F, Walsh A, Jagielowicz M, Yeo T, Claridge TDW, Simmons A, Travis S, Anthony DC Abstract Background & aims: Endoscopic assessment of ulcerative colitis (UC) is one of the most accurate measures of disease activity, but frequent endoscopic investigations are disliked by patients and expensive for the health care system. A minimally-invasive test that provides a surrogate measure…

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